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We are a traditional Shaolin Kung Fu School in China, teaching students from around the world in all different styles of Chinese Kung Fu like Shaolin Kung Fu, modern Wushu, Sanda / Sanshou (Chinese Boxing), Tai Chi, Qi Gong, etc. Whether you are a beginner or a very experienced martial artist, whether you want to stay for a month or a couple of years, we kindly invite you to learn Chinese martial arts from our highly distinguished Shaolin Masters. Shaolin Wushu encompasses traditional and contemporary styles, as well as external and internal forms.
There are 120 shared double rooms available. All of our student rooms are bright and roomy, located in the main building next to the dining room. Equipped with own toilets and showers, air condition and a TV set, we can guarantee a good life during summer and winter. Furthermore our rooms are all furnished with two single beds and wardrobes, as well as a table and a chair.
During summer times normally there are two students sharing a room, while this can be different in winter when there are not as many students at the academy. Of course there is a PC with DSL internet connection available for free. If you would like to bring your own laptop with you, you can use the new WiFi infrastructure in the school.
Shaolin Kung Fu practice entails three levels. The primary is form and appearance. The intermediate level is `integration of mind and fist`, transforming the tangible into the intangible, turning the law into the lawless, obeying no rules, having no movement to follow, and controlling the enemy from the intangible. The highest level of aspect is to guide all with heart and fight with the heart. Teaching plans are based on these principles.
Basic knowledge of Shaolin Kung Fu; Shaolin Kung Fu customs; fundamental kicks, steps and sweeps, punches, palms, hand shapes. Flexibility training, stability training, endurance training, and traditional Shaolin Introductory fist forms like five step form, continuance form or Tongbei form and their applications; Simple weapon forms like staff, broadsword, etc.; basic Sanda (Chinese kick-boxing) and Tai Chi if chosen. In this time, you can manage to get a general idea of what Shaolin Kung Fu like, and learn the methods to practice Shaolin Kung Fu.
Shaolin Kung Fu is not a creation of one person, but an accumulation of works by millions of people. Shaolin Kung Fu is the pearl of Chinese wisdom, which was handed down by numerous generations of China's top martial artists. Shaolin Kung Fu has a vast content and numerous forms.
Here are some important aspects of Kung Fu: internal Kung Fu, external Kung Fu, hard Kung Fu, light Kung Fu, and Qi Gong. The internal Kung Fu mainly focuses on practicing the strength of one's body; the light Kung Fu focuses on agility; Qi Gong includes the practice and maintenance of qi. Shaolin Kung Fu includes hand-to-hand defense, as well as the use of weapons.
There are forms: staff, spear, broadsword, straight sword, various other weapons, combat, equipments, performance sparring, sparring with weapons, etc. All Kung Fu forms and weapons forms that have been created by monks or lay-man monks from the temple and all Kung Fu that came to the temple from outside is referred to as Shaolin Kung Fu.
In the primary realm, the practitioner practices their form and appearance.
In the intermediate realm, there is the integration of mind and fist, changing the tangible into the intangible, turning the law into the lawless; obeying no rules, having no movement to follow, controlling the enemy in the intangible. An ancient boxing manual reads, `defeat a person in the intangible or fail being seen`.
Shaolin Kung Fu's highest realm is for all to be guided by the heart and to fight not just from form but from the formless.
Shaolin boxing is hard, strong, and fast according to the Chinese is "filled with softness inside." It also is plain and practical with every action, both attack and defense as well as in pose. As the old saying goes: practice in a place where only a cow can lie; such is Shaolin boxing, you're not limited by the place and its size. The Shaolin style embodies a word hard.
It is practiced with both attack and defense, but mostly attack. The form is not only beautiful, but also practical. The steps are flexible. Shaolin teaches you actions forward, actions of retreat, reaction and to punch directly in front of you. On body and fist, it is required that the arm is not too straight and to keep all the forward and backward motion natural.
The foot technique must be stable and flexible, the eye technique requires staring at the opponent's eyes and for the breathing, the Qi should be "down to your dan tian'" before the Qi is released. "The action is as fast as a flash, a spin- like a turning wheel, a stance like pine and jump like a fly."Shaolin boxing is divided into two schools, Southern, which emphasizes fists, and Northern, which emphasizes legs. There are many styles also within both Southern and Northern Shaolin.
Shaolin combat technique is divided into ancient techniques, which means traditional combat and modern which is divided into San Da and actual combat. The ancient techniques include shan zhen yi shen ba, hu bu ba, you long fei bu, dan feng chao yang, shi zhi luan ba, ye di tou tao, hei hu tao xin, lao hou ban zhi, jin si cha fa, ying men tie shan zi, bo bu pao and so on.
Shaolin boxing nowadays features these kind of movements; boxing and Buddhism as a system, combination of spirit and movement, aggressive attack together with violent strikes and proceed or retreat with parts of the body. Generally speaking, Shaolin forms are short and the routine of the movements are mostly linear.
The requirements of Shaolin actions and stances are as follows: straight head and follow the movements of the body (with extremities), eyes focused on a point, use great awareness, open chest and straighten back, and for the knees, hips and toes they are all pointed slightly inside to protect the groin. The shoulders should be relaxed, and the arms slightly curved when attacking.
Make sure that when you are attacking you don't forget to defend yourself and use decisive, strong, swift defense in event of another's attack. Keep your balance at all times, be flexible when moving and stable when stationary. The footwork should be low when proceeding with attack, and high when retreating to coordinate the entire body. All movements should be fast.
The sport of Wushu is both an exhibition and a full-contact sport derived from traditional Chinese martial arts. It was created in the People's Republic of China after 1949, in an attempt to nationalize the practice of traditional Chinese martial arts. Most of the modern competition forms (taolu) were formed from their parent arts by government-appointed committees.
In contemporary times, Wushu has become an international sport through the International Wushu Federation (IWUF), which holds the World Wushu Championships every two years; the first World Championships were held in 1991 in Beijing and won by Yuan Wen Qing.
Competitive Wushu is composed of two disciplines: taolu (forms) and sanda (sparring). Taolu involve martial art patterns and maneuvers for which competitors are judged and given points according to specific rules.
The forms comprise basic movements (stances, kicks, punches, balances, jumps, sweeps, and throws) based on aggregate categories traditional Chinese martial art style and can be changed for competitions to highlight one's strengths.
Competitive forms have time limits that can range from 1 minute, 20 seconds for some external styles to over five minutes for internal styles. Modern Wushu competitors are increasingly training in aerial techniques such as 540 and 720 degree jumps and kicks to add more difficulty and style to their forms.
In 1958, the government established the All-China Wushu Association as an umbrella organization to regulate martial arts training. The Chinese State Commission for Physical Culture and Sports took the lead in creating standardized forms for most of the major arts. During this period, a national Wushu system that included standard forms, teaching curriculum, and instructor grading was established.
Wushu was introduced at both the high school and university level. In 1979, the State Commission for Physical Culture and Sports created a special task force to teaching and practice of Wushu. Wushu literally means "martial methods". In 1986, the Chinese National Research Institute of Wushu was established as the central authority for the research and administration of Wushu activities in the People's Republic of China.
Changing government policies and Master Yanlong Li attitudes towards sports in general lead to the closing of the State Sports Commission (the central sports authority) in 1998. This closure is viewed as an attempt to partially de-politicize organized sports and move Chinese sport policies towards a more market-driven approach. As a result of these changing sociological factors within China, both traditional styles and modern Wushu approaches are being promoted by the Chinese government.
Most events were first set up in 1958. These events are performed using compulsory or individual routines in competition. Compulsory routines are those routines that have been already created for the athlete, resulting in each athlete performing basically the same set. Individual routines are routines that an athlete creates with the aid of his/her coach, while following certain rules for difficulty. Modern Wushu In addition to events for individual routines, some Wushu competitions also feature dual and group events.
The dual event, also called duilian, is an event in which there is some form of sparring with weapons, or without weapons or even using bare hands against weapons. The dual event is usually spectacular and actions are choreographed beforehand. The group event, also known as jiti, requires a group of people to perform together and smooth synchronization of actions are crucial. Usually, the group event also allows instrumental music to accompany the choreography during the performance.
The carpet used for the group event is also larger than the one used for individual routines. Previously, international Wushu competitions most often used compulsory routines, while high-level competitions in China most often used individual routines. However, after the 2003 Wushu World Games in Macau it was decided to opt for individual routines in international competition with nandu; difficulty movements) integrating a maximum 2 point nandu score into the overall maximum score of 10.
There is some controversy concerning the inclusion of nandu in Wushu because many of the movements created for the specific events are not originally movements used in those styles. In addition the number of injuries which have resulted from the inclusion of these nandu have caused many people to question their inclusion. Those who support the new difficulty requirements follow the assertion that they help to progress the sport and improve the overall physical quality of the athletes.
Taiji (the `supreme ultimate` school) was derived from Wuji ('emptiness'; the `non-ultimate` school) and composed of two different states (liang yi)Yin and Yang. From Liang Yi came sancai (the 'three components') and sixiang (the 'four kinds of appearances'). Bagua (Eight Symbols) also came from sixiang. Tai Chi is often thought of as being quintessential of China, entailing the principles of Yin and Yang from the I Ching, (the Book of Changes), rooted in Chinese medicine (meridians and specific names of vessels), with the meditative aspect of it's practice in focusing on the breath.
Tai Chi is a comprehensive study and characterized by the interaction of the energies of Yin and Yang. It's creation brought together an understanding of the laws of the human body with those of nature- alternating force and flexibility with swiftness and slowness. As force and flexibility are compatible within, Tai Chi can be used to defend, attack and strengthen body as well as prevent and help cure illness. It is suited to peple of any age, gender or body form. Tai Chi is widely practiced in China. It's history stretches back many years and it's different schools have contributed to it's widespread practice.
Stories about the origination and spread of Tai Chi have always existed among martial artists and passed on from them in the oral tradition. Tai Chi - Taiji Quan In the ancient Chinese text `Detailed Explanation on Postures of Taiji Sword and Tai Chi` written by the South Yue dynasty prime minister Wen Jinzhi , there is a written account on the origination of Tai Chi. The passage reads that there was a man named Zhang Sanfeng who was born in Yizhou in Liaodong province. He could run 1000 kilometers a day.
In the early years of HongWu in the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644), he went to Shu (now Sichuan) Province to help build a road. In the 27th year of Hongwu, he came to Wudang mountain to recite lection. One day, a magpie flew into the yard and perched on the tree. He followed the sound he heard of the bird until through a window, Zhang saw the bird above and a snake below on the ground staring at each other, preparing to fight. When the bird assaulted down on the snake, the bird and the snake were propelled into fierce action, but the snake moved its body with slight action and waved away the bird every time without being injured.
Zhang was rather impressed and realised that changes can be conquered by immobility and that flexibility can overcome force. Former Tai Chi was known as Changquan (long-boxing), with 13 sets of posture. Later, Wang Zongyue changed its name to Taiji, in accordance with the principles of Yin and Yang in the Books of Changes. Though the varying schools of Tai Chi differ from each other in their routines, hand pushing techniques and forms, they all provide equivalent benefit: blood circulation, adjusting vitality distribution, nitrating internal organs and strengthening the body.
As one of the arts of boxing, Tai Chi was once called changqun (long boxing), mianquan (soft boxing) , 13 shi (13 postures) and ruanshou (soft hand). Only after the years of Qianlong (Qing dynasty 1736 -1795), when martial artist Wang Zongyue wrote a book named `on Tai Chi` was it's name widely accepted. The word Taiji was first seen however in the book the `Changes of Zhou Xici` having the combined meaning of supreme, utmost, absolute and uniqueness.
In the practice of Tai Chi, every move is to be felt peaceful and comfortable. Acts are light and agile, slow and smooth. Loose and tight movements are in order as is force and flexibility correlated. Tai Chi is revered for being a practice of natural and elegant movements that are immersed in musical rhythm, philosophical connotation, styles of beauty and poetic atmosphere. It's beneficial natureto health can heal, prevent illness and facilitate the enjoyment of life.
Research from many fields including medicine, physics, chemistry, anatomy, psychology, etc. have shown that practicing Tai Chi plays a beneficial role in the prevention and cure of chronic diseases, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, pulmonary disease, hepatitis, naturopathy, intestines, neurasthenia, etc.
Tai Chi has a unique style of attacking. It implies immobility as conquering change and flexibility as suppressing force. Tai Chi also teaches to avoid the enemy's main forces, strike the weak point and use the force received to defend. The practitioner changes their movement in accordance with that of others; otherwise they may be trapped by themselves.
In doing so, Tai Chi emphasizes the ability to sense, that is to correctly and quickly make a judgment about any opposition and thereby respond. If the opposite side does not take initiative, as a practitioner, you should also keep still. Under such situation, you may first provocate the other side so as to get information of his ability.
So long as the other side started, you should make a quicker move, faster than the opposite even before he moves. Win by striking only after the enemy has struck first. Invite the opponent in, break up his strike or deviate his force, take the advantage of the weak point and retaliate upon it.
The theory of Tai Chi in attack lies in the hand pushing and move routine, which not only is conducive to the training of body skills such as response, power and speed etc., but also an important part of attack and defense training. Tai Chi follows the principle of Yin and Yang, the attack process focuses the inviting combined with the breaking up.
During attack and defense, you sense the opposite force and force's direction by the ability to sense and break up the coming force. Using the force received to defend, ie. changes of move following the opposite changes.
The basic actions of Tai Chi are tightening, quivering, stroking, squeezing, elbowing, shoving, advancing, receding, considering, waiting, and stillness. Every act is slow and relaxing. In Tai Chi drill, one should straighten back and waist, draw in the jaw, and droop the shoulder, with a feeling of flying across the clouds.
A certain boxer in the Qing Dynasty once said of Tai Chi "act as the wave of the sea, torrential and never-failing."Tai Chi at the same time also pays much attention of the training of Qi and breath control. Qi is to refine human's mentality and lies at the heart of Tai Chi as with other forms of internal Kung Fu.
Follow your thought and keep calm. Maintain a natural breath. You are required to fix attention and rest your thought, concentrate on action; move and breathe smoothly and never try to block your breath. Sit straight and move slowly and softly. You should keep a relaxed and natural posture, do not lean askew.
Every act is fluent and smooth, like wind flying, water flowing. A round and complete radiance in every act. You are demanded to make acts move as arc or spiral, one after another without block. Your waist stays as axis, with which the whole body is oriented on. Act fluently and coherently, weakness and force in company.
Your acts are to be closely connected, weakness and force distinguished, while center of power always remaining stable. Agile and smoothly act with softness and power mutually corresponded. Every act is required to be light and stable, but not buoyant or stark. Acts are soft but powerful within, full of flexibility.Strength is exerted but done so in consciousness and without any sense of clumsiness.
Chi Kung" is the accepted English equivalent of the Chinese word "Qi Gong", where "Qi" ("Chi" or "Ki") means "breath" (as a conceptual term, this refers to the energy in the human body, and, by extension, life force, dynamic energy or even cosmic breath) and "gong" ("Kung") means "achievement", "skill", work applied to a discipline or the resultant level of skill. Qi Gong refers to a wide variety of traditional meditative cultivation practices that involve methods of accumulating, circulating, and working with
Qi or energy within the body. Qi Gong is sometimes mistakenly said to be something that always involves movement and/or regulated breathing. In fact, use of other special methods focusing on particular energy centers in and around the body are common in the higher levels or evolved forms of Qi Gong. Qi Gong is practiced for health maintenance purposes, as a therapeutic intervention, as a medical profession, a spiritual path and/or a component of Chinese Martial Arts.
All great Kung Fu makes use of energy training (chi kung) to develop internal force, without which it remains at the external, mechanical level, considered by Chinese martial artists as rather rough and inferior. Kung Fu training with Chi Kung enhances harmonious chi flow, thus promoting health, vitality and longevity.
There are three aspects in all types of Chi Kung, namely: form (xing), energy (qi), and mind. If you practice only the form, without the energy and mind dimensions, you are merely performing physical exercise; strictly speaking not chi kung, for there is no training of energy. For an effective control of energy, you have to enter what is called in modern terms a Zen state of mind. In the past, this was called "entering Zen"(ru chan) or "entering silence"(ru ding).
When you are in Zen or a meditative state of mind, you can, among other things, tap energy from the cosmos and direct that energy to flow into wherever you want in your body. It is this mind aspect of Chi Kung, even more than its energy aspect, that enables chi kung masters to perform what lay people would think of as miraculous, or, depending on their attitude, fakery.
According to Chinese medical thought, practising chi kung can cure, as well as prevent all kinds of illness, including diseases like asthma, diabetes, hypertension and cancer which are generally considered "incurable" by conventional medicine. Practising Chi Kung is also very effective for overcoming psychological problems.
There are many wonderful benefits derived from practising Shaolin Cosmos Chi Kung which are curing illness and promoting health, enhancing vitality and developing internal force, promoting youthfulness and longevity, expanding the mind and the intellect, and spiritual cultivation.
Dynamic Chi Kung, static Chi Kung, dynamic and static Chi Kung. Dynamic Chi Kung means to combine the body's moves with mind and to breath to achieve a peaceful mind through a moving body.
The usually practised forms in the Shaolin Temple are ba duan jin, yi jin jing and xi sui jing. Static Chi Kung is a kind of Chi Kung that uses standing, sittin,g and posing postures to combine the practising mind, and high speed breath. The mind practises to gain, calculate, and control qi.
This form of Qi Gong can be practiced through meditating standing still, in the sitting lotus position or through a meditation in pose. Dynamic and static Chi Kung is based on static Chi Kung, to use qi and blood to drive the body to move or even jump high and fly.
Hard Chi Kung is to control the qi that has been accumulated, drive it to part of your body and make your body as tough as iron. To break bricks, staffs, steel bars, big marble boards, spear piercing through a throat all belong to this category.Soft Chi Kung has a more subtle focusing of qi. It aims to gain and collect chi in the Dantian (an energy core around the lower belly) to try to control and use it. Health care Chi Kung includes forms such as Ba duan jin and iron coat etc.
Chinese Wushu martial arts manifest in two forms. One, routine, and the other, wrestling, resistance or sparring. As one of the two forms, Sanda is a central part of Chinese Wushu.
Sanda / Sanshou Sanda, 'Chinese kickboxing' is also called Sanshou and had names such as Xiangbo, Shoubo and Jiji in ancient times. As an essential part of Chinese Wushu, Sanda is favored by its many supportersand through the years has spread and evolved into a chinese national sport of unique character.
Sanda developed and grew through a long period of Chinese history. It began with the productive labor of labor and their struggles for survival to become transformed into a gem of cultural heritage. People of primitive society learned through hunting how to defend themselves and hunt for animals. They developed simple skills of boxing, kicking, holding and throwing through observing the abilities of animals to hunt for food like catching cats, avoiding dogs, leaping tigers, looping eagles, etc.
Sanda, in simple words, is face-to-face fighting with bare hands between two people, consisting of offensive and defensive effect and requires kicking at distance, pouching at stride distance and take-down throws when close. The movements of Sanshou remarkably reflect its specific inbeing- that of a fighting art, however it is distinct from fighting martial arts that cause injury and disabilities. Sanshou has strict rules to ensure the safety of the two fighters.
Rules state that attacking the hindbrain, neck and crotch of the opponent is prohibited. In Sanshou, it is also allowed to exercise the skills of different Wushu schools. The internal features of Sanshou determine that it is presented as a conflict - the essential form of Sanshou. After much training and having mastered the basic actions and skills and under the provision of the rules, both sides fight freely on the deciding factors of wisdom, bravery, and skill.
After long-term training, having mastered Sanda skills an Sanda practitioner will be unhurried and do corresponding defensive and offensive actions at a very fast pace when attacked suddenly by the opponent. It is also much easier for him to hit someone who hasnt received the training.
In comparison to an ordinary person, a Sanda athlete has a much higher resisting ability. Sanda not only improves physical qualities such as strength, endurance, flexibility, and sensitivity but also develops peoples health both physically and mentally. Sticking to the training makes the body strong and strengthens bones and muscles.
The YunTai Shan International Culture And Martial Arts School", also called "The International Kung Fu Training Center" was founded by master trainer Xie Xu Yong (buddhistic name Shi Yan Lin) who possesses over decade long experience in Shaolin Kung Fu Training with international students. In order to fulfill his ideas and to provide the international students the best possible service during their stay this place was picked out after a long searching.
All of our students are trained by the authentic Shaolin Masters from the original Shaolin Temple highly qualified martial artists with excellent teaching ability, personality and experience.
High quality traditional training methods, optimized for foreigners
Many years of teaching experience
Please complete the application form and submit it. By completing and sending the form means that, you are agreeing to all rules, regulations and way of living in the school. Online application fee will be paid after you are accepted. The online fee will serve as your booking or guarantee for a place in the school. You will receive additional information plus confirmation if you are or you are not accepted into the school.
The school is located in a huge geological park in the mountains of Yuntai with fascinating rock formations, canyons, spectacular waterfalls and quiet streams. Here in the middle of the nature far away from thousands of Chinese Kung Fu students it is the ideal place to learn Shaolin Kung Fu. You can just sit down on a rock, watch the butterflies and listen to the birds. The ideal place in order to train and to rest in the beautifulness of the nature during the breaks.
Students eat together in the dining hall. Our full room and board service includes three warm meals a day. This goes throughout seven days a week. Breakfast consists of traditional buns, Chinese oatmeal, etc. Lunch and dinner both consist of rice with a big range of vegetables added, as well as fish and meat.
Vegetarians will be catered for. There's always the option to buy additional stuff as fruits in the school's little shop or the next town. Four times a year the school celebrates the holidays with big feasts. These holidays are Chinese new-year, mid-autumn festival, academy's anniversary and western Christmas.
The Global Yuntai Mountain Geological Park is located at the south foot of the Taihang Mountain in Xiuwu County of Jiaozuo. It mainly consists of the Yuntai Mountain Natural Scenic Area, Qinglong Mountain resort and other surrounding areas. The park is known for its massive gardening areas, overhanging high cliffs, flying waterfalls, secluded valleys and spring water. The mountain is also notable for its peculiar peaks, which stretch far into the distance.
The main peak, Zhuyu, is 1,308 meters above the sea level. Mounting by the scaling ladder to the top, you can have a wonderful overview of everything at your feet. Looking north far into the Taihang Mountain, you can see the mountains and hills extending continuously. Looking south to the Huaichuan Plain, you can see the Yellow River winding its way like a belt and extending fields. The place is also famous for its numerous rivers, lakes, pools and springs.
The highest waterfall in the country Yuntai Skyscraper Waterfall, which is 314 meters high like a huge pillar, looks especially magnificent, forming a unique spectacle along with other waterfalls, such as the Tianmen Waterfall, Bailong Waterfall, Huanglong Waterfall and Y-shaped Waterfall, dashing abruptly downward.Moreover, the spring water here tastes so sweet and cool that you will never forget such refreshing experience.
Also, the Qinglong Canyon here, renowned as First Canyon in Central China, attracts many people for ecological touring for its mild climate, rich water resources and various vegetations. Apart from its splendid sceneries of mountains and rivers, the Yuntai Mountain has temperate climate of continental monsoon. The four seasons here are quite distinctive, spring being dry and windy, summer hot and rainy, autumn cool and winter dry and cold.
With the north Taihang Mountain as its natural defense, it is less windy but always sunny and hot with less rain, which is a typical climate in Central China. However, the weather is changeable in different areas of the mountain due to different regional conditions and sea levels. Covered by large pieces of thick forests with abundant spring resources, the mountain is also rich in varieties of exotic plants, flowers and herbs.
Besides such valuable herbs as ginseng and magic fungus, there are also the country-known four Kinds of Chinese herbs as well as other 200 kinds of Chinese herbs, such as Cornus Officinals, Forsythia Suspensa, Gastrodia elata, Chinese angelica and so on. The Himalayas movement, which started 23 million years ago, has upgraded the whole mountain areas, leaving large amounts of geological remains, such as unique stratums, rocks and other mineral resources. With such uniquely-shaped geological structure, the place enjoys a superior advantage in ecological and historical tourist resources.
The Red Stone Canyon, which is a rare canyon sight in north China with waterfalls, lakes, pools and gullies, is highly acclaimed by gardening experts as a natural gallery for mountain and river collections because of its grand and exclusive landscapes. The most splendid waterfall in the canyon is the Bailong Waterfall, divided into three falls, measuring 30 meters in height. It looks as shiny as a huge silver dragon.
A good place for waterfall watching is the Heilong (Black Dragon) Cave, which is as long as 30 meters with absolute darkness inside. Standing in the cave, you can not only see the marvelous falls dashing down into the deep pools but also the perilous high stiffs, narrowly separated from each other by fast-flowing gullies so that the sky is scarcely visible. The spring water flowing down the cliffs splashes into water drops that dazzle in the sunlight like colorful diamonds, looking like a unique picture hanging on the wall.
The Tanpu Canyon is located to the north of the Taihang Mountain, is one of the main sources of the Zifang River. It is 1,270 meters long extending from the north to the south. To its east stand high rock mountains, and to the west stand lines of fancy peaks rising upright to the sky.
Through the winding canyon, a small stream named Xiaolong Creek flows melodiously because its riverbed is formed by winding stone steps, which are different in level, size, color and shape.
The Jade Pool also lies here; the water looks so clean that it looks just like a piece of pure jade set in the canyon. The Immortal Spring, which flows one meter above the ground from a funnel on the stone steps at the back of the pool, gushes all year round continuously. Another sight in the canyon is the Lovers Waterfalls, each dashing downward high above from the mountains. Located at three different levels, two falls in each level flow into each other and join together into a deep pool just like two intimate lovers murmuring closely. This is how the waterfall gets its name.
Zhuyu Mountain, 1,308 meters above sea level, on the top of which rest the Temple of Zhenwu Emperor, bridges and scaling ladders, is said to be famous for a poem by a famous poet in the Tang Dynasty called Wang Wei, who worked out a popular poem when he climbed up the mountain.
Mounting to the mountain top and looking far into the distance, you can see the Yellow River winding like a silver belt. Having a bird view of the foot of the mountain, you can see chains of peaks like sea waves. The weather on the top is often unpredictable. All at once clouds gather and wind blows, with mist rising among the mountains.
The mountains looming in the mist and clouds look so vague that you feel as if you were in a fairy world. In the middle of one of the mountains, there is a mysterious cave of 30 meters long and 10 meters wide in diameter, where a legend is spread widely: the famous pharmacologist in the Tang Dynasty Sun Simiao once gathered and processed medicinal herbs in the very place.
Striking enough, there is a rare huge tree of one thousand years old at the entrance to the cave. It is about 20 meters high with luxuriant foliage and strong trunks, which can only be held in a circle by three people. Moreover, there is also a famous spring like a well here, from which water flows from underground unceasingly throughout the year.
The Baijia Crag, once named as Crag of Cypresses, is overgrown with green pines and cypresses between the crevices. There are two conspicuous sights here: one is the Baijia Temple and the other is the Tianmen Waterfall, which is nicknamed as Silver Dragon in North China. As a tourist resort ever since the ancient times, the place is rich in many historical and cultural sights.
For example, the Summer Resort, which used to be the place where the last emperor in the Han Dynasty Liu Xie once toured after his demotion. It is also where the celebrated Seven Virtuous Woods Hermits in the Wei and Jin Dynasty (from the year of 220 to 420 AD) once lived for more than 20 years. Many legends about them associated with the sights are popularly spread. In the place also stand inscriptions and tablets of various kinds.
On the north of the crag lies the Tianmen Mountain, at the foot of which there is canyon called Tianmen Canyon. It is said that in the north of the canyon, there is a place called Tianmenguan, where a notable national heroine in Song Dynasty named Mu Guiying won a significant battle over the Liao Army (another dynasty in the same period with Song). With so many magnificent and perilous cliffs standing high, the Baijia Crag is also a good place for mountain-climbing sports.
The Rhesus Monkey Valley The Rhesus Monkey Valley is regarded as another attractive sight in the Yuntai Mountain. It was recognized as a national rhesus monkey resort under state protection in August, 1998. They are largely distributed in the whole mountain area, adding much pleasure to the monotonous plant sights. The Taihang Mountain Rhesus Monkeys are a kind of second-class protected animals belonging to the primate family in evolution system.
Living in groups in cold places at the most northern latitude, they grow very big in size with long furs and short tails. They are skillful mountain-climbers and considered as the most superior species among other rhesus monkey species, because they have elegant body-built and excellent imitative ability, able to react quickly. Being one of the most popular tourist items in the world for their entertaining and cooperative nature, they have high scientific, economic and appreciative value.
Usually, they live between high cliffs among thick bushes and shrubs in a large group of about one hundred monkeys, who are often governed by a monkey king accompanied with guarding monkeys. In the daytime, they come out for food, which mainly includes varied types of plants; at nights, they sleep over high cliffs.